Jobs in Information Technology

S&E IT picThe Bureau of Labor Statistics (BL S), a part of the United States Department of Labor, classifies IT jobs as Computer and Mathematical Occupations (SOC 15-0000; see “Your Guide to Industrial and Occupational Employment Statistics” on page 26). Employment in this major occupational group grew at a rate of 6.9 percent from 2006 to 2010 – good, but not great. But here is excellent news: The BL S expects 22 percent growth between 2010 and 2020, making Computer and Mathematical Occupations the sixth-fastest-growing major group. The BL S projects that the group will add 778,300 jobs by 2020, after adding just 229,600 from 2006 to 2010. For details, visit and see Table 1 of the BL S article, “Occupational Employment Projections to 2020,” at

Many of the additional jobs will be in the detailed occupation group Applications Software Developers (SOC 15-1132) – 143,800 jobs – while the fastest growing detailed occupation group in terms of percentage will be Systems Software Developers (SOC 15-1133) at 32.4 percent. The BL S says the highestpaying such category will be Computer and Information Research Scientists (SOC 15-1111). Workers in this small category will make an average of $100,600.


A word of caution: More and more people have been trying to land IT positions. So, despite the expected job growth, the unemployment rate for computer and mathematical positions is higher in 2013 than in previous years. But don’t panic. That rate has settled in around 4 percent after averaging around 2.8 percent in recent years. By contrast, the overall unemployment rate for August 2013 was 7.3 percent. Qualified IT candidates will be fine, and those with a military background will be in great shape.


A bachelor’s degree in a computer-related field is required for management positions in IT, but many employers will take military experience into account. Some employers require a graduate degree for their higher level managers, especially an MBA with technology as a core component.


Computer and Information Systems Managers (SOC 11-3021) play a vital role in the implementation and administration of technology within their organizations. They plan, coordinate, and direct research on the computer-related activities of firms. They help determine the goals of an organization and then implement technology to meet those goals. They oversee all technical aspects of an organization, such as software development, network security, and Internet operations.

Other IT professionals include Systems Software Developers (15-1133) and Computer Programmers (SOC 15-1131), Computer Systems Analysts (SOC 15-1121), and Computer Support Specialists (SOC 15-1150). These professionals plan and coordinate activities such as installing and upgrading hardware and software, programming and systems design, the implementation of computer networks, and the development of Internet and intranet sites. They are increasingly involved with the upkeep, maintenance, and security of networks. They analyze the computer and information needs of their organizations from an operational and strategic perspective, and determine immediate and long-range personnel and equipment requirements.


IT professionals need a broad range of skills. Employers look for individuals who can demonstrate an understanding of the specific software or technology used on the job. Generally, this knowledge is gained through years of experience working with that particular product. Another way to demonstrate this trait is with professional certification. Although not required for most computer and information system positions, certification demonstrates an area of expertise, and can increase an applicant’s chances of employment.


The recession may have dulled prospects for employment in IT for a short time, but new applications of technology in the workplace will continue to drive demand for workers, fueling the need for more managers. To remain competitive, firms will continue to install sophisticated computer networks and set up more complex intranets and websites.

Also, because so much business is carried out over computer networks, security will continue to be an important issue for businesses and other organizations, and will lead to strong growth for computer managers. Firms will increasingly hire security experts to fill key leadership roles in their IT departments because the integrity of their computing environments is of utmost importance.

So even with the economic downturn and slow recovery, prospects for qualified computer and information systems personnel should be excellent. Workers with specialized technical knowledge and strong communications and business skills, as well as those with an MBA with a concentration in information systems, will have the best prospects. Job openings result from employment growth and a need to replace workers who transfer to other occupations or leave the labor force.

About the Author

This article was written by Liz Wheeler